Web 2.0 technologies and social software

Blogs

A Blog provides a method of publishing material online. Used in a variety of ways it allows people to share their thoughts, knowledge and experiences. Free blogging platforms such as ‘Blogger’, ‘Wordpress’ and ‘Edublogs’ provide templates that assist in the building of a blog (Gerts, 2013).

Some examples of Blogs created by librarians include:

Skerricks Ideas and Inspiration for your School Library

Leichhardt and Balmain Libraries’ Children’s Blog

Microblogging

Microblogging allows shorter posts enabling quick messaging that can be accessed via computer or mobile phone. ‘Twitter’ is the most popular and is used by many libraries such as the State Library and National library of Australia (Gerts, 2013).

The use of microblogging within an organisation can lead to better connections between staff members and a greater sense of belonging (Grenfell, 2011). Staff can post messages that are easily read and able to be responded to. Messages are in ‘chronological’ order and ‘email notifications’ can alert staff (Grenfell, 2011). ‘Hashtags’ allow topics to be grouped as well as enabling ‘links to videos, images and documents’ (Grenfell, 2011). Examples of microblogging tools suitable for organisations include Yammer and SocialText (Grenfell, 2011).

There are reservations about the use of microblogging within organisations that it may lead to ‘bad behaviour by staff’ (Grenfell, 2011). To minimise this problem a formal usage policy will need to be provided for staff to guide them in their behaviour. Some examples are available on the following website:

Social Media Governance

To introduce microblogging and ensure it will be successfully adopted requires:

  • the support of senior management who may already be actively using it (Grenfell, 2011)
  • being able to share with other staff examples of ways microblogging has been used successfully by other organisations (Grenfell, 2011)
  • an awareness that although some staff are passive participators their input is also useful (Grenfell, 2011)
  • adoption will take time and require ongoing commitment and learning by staff (Grenfell, 2011)

Gerts, C. (2013). Web 2.0 technologies and social software. [INF506 201390 Social networking for information professionals]. Retrieved from Charles Sturt University website: http://interact.csu.edu.au/portal/site/INF506_201390_W_D/page/7a1da37e-c46f-48e5-8015-bab41aae4b0a

Grenfell, C. (2011). Deploying microblogging in organisations. Step two designs. Retrieved from http://www.steptwo.com.au/papers/kmc_microblogging/index.html

Wikis

A wiki can be used for group projects allowing access for a number of contributors to edit and add content.

Examples of wikis include Wikispaces, Google Sites and Wikidot (Gerts,2013).

Podcasting

Allows audio content to be delivered as an audio file over the Internet that can then be downloaded to a computer or may be streamed through a hosting server (Gerts, 2013). The content can be listened to using portable devices such as mp3 players, iPods and mobile phones or through the use of a computer (Gerts, 2013). Podcasting is being used by libraries to provide audio from visiting authors, historians, lecturers or experts in their field or just to provide guidance in using the library or its website (State Library of New South Wales).

References:

Gerts, C. (2013). Web 2.0 technologies and social software. [INF506 Module 2]. Retrieved from Charles Sturt University website: http://interact.csu.edu.au/portal/site/INF506_201390_W_D

State Library New South Wales. (2012). Events and talks podcast. Retrieved from http://interact.csu.edu.au/portal/site/INF506_201390_W_D

Tagging and QR codes

To enable items to be grouped or found easily within a Web 2.0 platform a ‘tag’ such as a word or phrase can be assigned to the item. This acts like a label and allows items to be found and shared easily.

‘Flickr’ is a photo sharing site that allows up to 75 tags to be assigned to a photo. This means that searches can be made using the different tags to find groups of photos that have been tagged with the word or phrase (Flickr, n.d.).

‘Delicious’ is a site that allows interesting links on the web to be saved and organised for easy retrieval. This site also uses tagging to label and locate items (Delicious, n.d.).

Folksonomy is the term given to describe the allocating of tags that have been individually created. They may be unique to the item being tagged and descriptive in a way that controlled vocabularies are not. A folksonomy is an informal way of tagging content. For searching purposes the items that have been tagged in this way may be difficult to locate.

Taxonomy refers to the use of controlled vocabularies by professionals such as librarians to tag items. The closest matching term from the vocabulary will be allocated. The term that is allocated may be close enough to describing the item but not precise. This method allows items to be located and retrieved easily when searching.

Being quite specific with a tag can allow items that have been stored by you to be easily identified and retrieved rather than disappearing with other similarly labeled items.  As mentioned by Rosenfeld (2005) when tagging photos on Flickr with a common tag such as ‘summer’ the photos will be grouped with many other photos and may be difficult to find again. To re-tag photos with more precise terms later is time consuming and unlikely to be undertaken (Rosenfeld, 2005).

References:

Delicious. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://delicious.com/help

Flickr. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/tags/

Gerts, C. (2013). Web 2.0 technologies and social software. [INF506 Module 2]. Retrieved from Charles Sturt University website: http://interact.csu.edu.au/portal/site/INF506_201390_W_D/page/7a1da37e-c46f-48e5-8015-bab41aae4b0a

Rosenfeld, L. (2005). Folksonomies? How about metadata ecologies? Retrieved from http://www.louisrosenfeld.com/home/bloug_archive/000330.html

 

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